Expert Guide on How to Spend Your Time
Very few places in the world have the kind of natural beauty and historic charm that can capture the hearts and minds of visitors in an instant. Machu Picchu, Peru is one of them. Be it any season, the sight of beautifully carved stone temples and endless terraces set in the middle of green-clad granite mountains never disappoints.
Here is all the information that you need before you plan your Peru Macchu Picchu Tour.
Whether by train or by foot along the Inca Trail, getting to this beautiful destination is part of the adventure.
Climate & Weather
Machu Picchu, Peru is located at the intersection of the Andes and the Amazon, which has a mild subtropical climate experiencing warm days and cooler nights. Humidity is also higher than in Cusco and the Sacred Valley.
Dry Season and Rainy Season
The weather at Machu Picchu changes very quickly and is unpredictable throughout the year. Similar to other destinations situated at high altitudes in Peru, the region has a dry and rainy season, but changes in the weather aren’t as clearly defined. The winter season ( dry season ) for Machu Picchu is from April to October, and the summer season( wet season) is from November to March.
Daytime: 68°F – 80°F (20°C – 27°C)
Nighttime: 50°F – 64°F (10°C – 18°C)
Best Time to Visit
- The best time to plan a Peru Machu Picchu tour is in June, July, and August. During these months the region is dry and considered by many the best time to go to Machu Picchu.
Prot tip: Hotels, entry tickets, and other services fill up very quickly, so make your reservations well in advance.
Things to Do
1- Sun Gate
The Sun Gate, popularly known as Inti Punku, was the original entrance to Machu Picchu. Today, trekkers make their grand entrance to the citadel through the Sun Gate as they complete the Inca Trail.
2- Huayna Picchu
The path leading up to Huayna Picchu, the dome-shaped peak rising behind the Inca citadel, is the most famous hike at Machu Picchu. It takes about an hour to reach the summit of Huayna Picchu, and stunning views over the ruins are your reward. Entry for this trail is limited to 400 hikers per day and you must reserve your spot when you purchase an entry ticket.
3- Temple of the Sun
Because of its semicircular structure, the Temple of the Sun is easy to pinpoint at Machu Picchu. On the winter solstice, the southeast-facing window of the temple aligns with the direction of the rising sun and illuminates the sacred rock in its center.
The Intihuatana was carved out of a larger piece of granite rock and presumably used for astronomical observations. In the Quechua language, it means “a place to which the sun is hitched.” Likely, a direct reference to the positioning of the rock structure at a high point within the Machu Picchu.
5- Temple of the Condor
In the Temple of the Condor, spiritual meanings are depicted in natural rock formations. Two granite boulders represent the bird’s outstretched wings.
6- Stairway of Fountains
The Incas built a great network of canals to carry water from natural springs on Machu Picchu Mountain. In the middle of this intricate hydraulic system is the “Stairway of Fountains” through which water continues to flow. These sixteen fountains are linked to each other by stone channels and cascade down the mountain.
Machu Picchu hosts over 170 buildings, 600 terraces, thousands of stone steps, temples and 16 fountains.